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Organic vs conventional food – qualitative and environmental implications






Key words: 

organic and conventional food, quality, environment.


With account taken of the available published results of studies by various authors, this paper focuses on the qualitative features of organic and conventional food of both plant and organic origin. It presents the essence of organic agriculture as well as the specific rules and methods for acquiring food referred to as organic. Attention was drawn to the basic differences in procedures as compared to agriculture referred to as conventional, or industrial, which produces conventional food.  The most important qualitative features of organic food were introduced and compared with conventional food. It points out that the parameters determining the nutritional value of organic food of plant origin are, in principle, more favourable than those of conventional food. On the other hand, the content of alien chemical compounds determining the health value of food was most often higher in conventional food. Similar differences between organic and conventional food could be noted for food of animal origin, particularly in milk, meat and eggs.  The paper also analyses the effects of organic agriculture, which is clearly friendly towards all components of the natural environment, i.e. the soil, water and atmospheric air. It also emphasises the already visible negative consequences of conventional agriculture, which definitely need to be limited. The summary emphasises the need to take new measures as regards the over-exploitation of the environment and food production, as even the so-called “sustainable” development is already insufficient to stop adverse changes in the environment.

1 Dr hab. inż. Joanna Katarzyna BANACH,  prof. UWM

2 prof. dr hab. inż. Stefan S. SMOCZYŃSKI

1 prof. dr hab. inż. Ryszard  ŻYWICA University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn

1 Faculty of Economics, Department of Commodity

2 Faculty of Food Science, Department of Commodity Science and Food Analysis Plac Cieszyński 1, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.





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